How to Check if a Checkbox is Checked in JavaScript

When building an HTML form containing checkboxes we may want to validate whether they have been checked using JavaScript before the form is allowed to submit.

 

In this tutorial, we will learn how to check if an HTML checkbox element is checked in JavaScript.

 

Check if .foo:checked is null

Let's say we had the following HTML checkbox with the class of .foo.

 

<input type="checkbox" class="foo" name="ok">

 

We can check if it is checked by looking for .foo:checked using the document.querySelector() method. If a checkbox is not checked null will be returned.

 

if (result) {
  console.log('Is checked')
} else {
  console.log('Is NOT checked')
}
Is checked

 

Using the .checked Method

A cleaner way to achieve the same result as above is to use the built-in JavaScript .checked method. It will return true if the element is checked or false if it is not.

 

result = document.querySelector('.foo').checked

if (result) {
  console.log(result)
} else {
  console.log(result)
}
true

 

Conclusion

You now know two different ways to find out if a checkbox is checked using JavaScript. You will notice that we never tried to get the value of the checkbox . This is because it will always indicate that it is "on" regardless of whether is it checked or not. 

input checkbox